Knows the alphabet, but can't pronounce sounds or make words.
Can recognize common daily English words but can't to use them in a conversation.
Can use one word answers to questions but can't use these words to make sentences.
Can understand simple conversations and can answer questions using complete sentences.
Can use simple sentences to talk about a small number of topics for only a few minutes.
Can participate in conversations about daily topics using 3 or 4 complete sentences.
Can hold a simple conversation with a native speaker, but grammar and vocabulary make communication difficult.
Can hold a conversation with a native speaker using up to 3,000 words in active vocabulary. Grammar doesn't affect communication.
Can understand native speakers speaking slowly and can have a conversation on a wide number of topics. Can't discuss in detail because of limited vocabulary.
Can understand and participate in conversations with native speakers. Grammar doesn't affect communication, but limited vocabulary makes detailed discussion difficult.
Can communicate well with a native speaker using every day English. S/he has enough vocabulary to talk about a wide range of topics. Grammar and fluency don't affect communication, but needs more detailed vocabulary.
Can communicate well in a variety of situations using business and social English vocabulary. Grammar and fluency don't affect communication, but s/he needs to use appropriate vocabulary to avoid misunderstandings.
can communicate effectively with a group of native speakers in a business environment or social situation. Grammar and fluency don't affect communication. However, s/he needs to better understand English language usage to reduce communication problems.
can communicate effectively in any business or social situation. Grammar mistakes and fluency doesn't affect communication. S/he needs to improve very specific and high level business and social vocabulary.
English language abilities are equivalent to the linguistic competence of a native speaker who has received higher education. Students can use English effectively and precisely under all kinds of circumstances.
Student roughly understands public announcements, weather forecast or advertisements, as well as simple production introduction and operational manuals. But s/he cannot understand movies and TV news. E.g. Student can roughly understand BBC or CNN's weather forecast about typhoon, but s/he cannot understand stock market analysis because s/he not familiar with financial English vocabulary.
The student can read and understand commonly used English signs like road signs, shop sign, and diagrams. But S/he is not able to read and understand the message an English paragraph convey by reading it through carefully. E.g. The student can read English menus or food catalogues or other simple charts. But s/he cannot understand English newspaper or magazine because s/he is not familiar with the reading skills.